Making Fuel From Plastic

Making fuel from plastic waste is a new way to produce liquid fuel oil and recycle plastic waste in recent years. Usually, the common liquid fuel oil is from petroleum, one of the expensive and unsustainable resources in the world. But the fuel oil from the plastic waste is different because it comes from plastic waste, the most common waste in the world.

Make Fuel from Plastics
Making Fuel from Plastic Waste-A Green Way to Recycle Plastic Waste

Therefore, it is an eco-friendly way to make fuel from plastic waste and also a good method to dispose of the inevitable waste. If you are engaged in the plastic recycling industry, it will be a business opportunity and we will give you some instructions for your reference.

1. How to Make Fuel from Plastic

Only the pyrolysis of plastic can realize the production of fuel from plastic waste. Pyrolysis is a chemical reaction which happens in a high-temperature and oxygen-free environment. It is able to decompose the plastic waste into plastic oil and carbon black and the plastic oil is usually known as the fuel from plastic. Adopting this kind of technology, people design different kinds of machines to convert plastic into fuel.

Making Fuel from Plastic
The Reactor of Plastic to Fuel Machine in Brazil-Beston

For example, here are the details of the fuel making by Beston plastic to fuel machine:

  • Pre-treatment. If you have a large amount of plastic waste and some of them are bulky, you need to shred them into small pieces at first. But if not, Beston small pyrolysis plant without the pre-treatment facility is enough for you.
  • Feeding. Feed the plastic waste into the pyrolysis reactor.
  • Heating and oil gas generation. Heat the reactor and then the oil gas will be generated when the interior temperature of the reactor rises to 160℃.
  • From oil gas to liquid oil. After the oil gas is generated, it will go to the manifold. The heavy particles in the oil gas are liquefied into heavy oil and stored in the heavy oil tank. And the light oil gas will rise up to the condenser to be liquefied into light oil and then stored in a light oil tank.
  • If using a continuous type pyrolysis equipment, carbon black will be generated during the whole process and then be discharged automatically; but in a small plant, the carbon black will be discharged when the reactor is cooled down to 40 ℃.
Making Fuel out of Plastic Waste
Process of Making Fuel from Plastic Waste

The process of making fuel from plastic is not that complicated, but it asks a high-quality and safe working environment. For this reason, you need to select the plastic pyrolysis plant very carefully before you want to do the production.

Different Types of Pyrolysis Plants Offered by GreenBeston

Item Details
Model BLJ-6 BLJ-10 BLJ-16 BLL-20
Daily Capacity 6T 8T-10T 15-20T 20-24T
Working Method Batch Semi-Continuous Fully Continuous
Raw Materials Waste Plastic, Tyre, Rubber, Oil Sludge
Reactor Size D2.2*L6.0m D2.6*L6.6m D2.8*L7.1m D1.4*L11m
Pattern Horizontal & Rotary
Heating Materials Charcoal, Wood, Fuel Oil, Natural Gas, LPG, etc.
Total Power 24kw/h 30kw/h 54kw/h 71.4kw/h
Floor Area (L*W*H) 30*10*8m 30*10*8m 40*10*8m 45*25*10m
Operating Pressure Normal Pressure Constant Pressure
Cooling Method Water Cooling
Life span 5-8 Years

Note: thereinto, BLJ-6 & BLJ-10 are the small typed machine, BLJ-16 is the semi-continuous type and the BLL-20 is the fully continuous type.

Make Fuel from Plastic
Making Fuel from Plastic Waste Machine in Indonesia

2. What are the Raw Materials While Making Fuel from Plastic

Not all the plastic waste can be the raw materials of making fuels, the current acceptable plastic materials include PE, PP, PS, ABS, Pure white plastic, fishing net, safety net, bags of instant noodles, plastic trademark, pure plastic cable, clean plastic bags. So far, PVC and PET are the two plastic types that are not suitable to make fuels.

3. Oil Yield of the Liquid Fuel from Plastic Wastes

Types of Plastic Oil yield
PE 85%-95%
Polypropylene (PP) 80%-90%
Polystyrene(PS) 80%-90%
ABS plastic 40%
Pure white plastic sheeting 60%-70%
Fishing net, safety net 45%-50%
Bags of instant noodles 40%
Plastic trademark 20%
Pure plastic cable 60%-80%
Clean plastic bags 50%

4.  Uses of the Fuel from Plastics

Making fuels from plastics is not only a way to recycle plastic but a profitable business project. The liquid fuel oil from the plastic waste can be used as fuels in many areas. But we suggest you first turn it into diesel by a distillation machine and then use it to drive large heavy machinery like trains, ships, planes and tractors (note: cars are not in the list).

Making Fuel from Plastic Wastes
Waste Plastic into Oil Machine in Nigeria

We hope this instruction is helpful when you are making fuel from plastic. Bear in mind that this is an easy chemical reaction but a respectively complicated recycling process. Therefore, if you really want a professional, safe and high-efficiency conversion from plastic to fuel, leave Beston a message now.

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